Unblocking the Logjam of Unemployment Appeals
Those denied benefits would be paid if review took more than eight weeks.
A state Senate committee has wielded a sharp stick to prod the Department of Labor to do more to reduce a lengthy backlog of unemployment appeals, releasing a bill that would require it to begin paying benefits in cases that remain unresolved after eight weeks.
Beating that deadline would be a challenge, even under an improved process outlined by department officials at a hearing Monday before the Labor committee. They touted tougher rules to penalize claimants who are found to have lost jobs because of misconduct.
The committee voted along party lines, with the two Republicans abstaining, to advance the legislation,S2212, from state Sens. Ray Lesniak (D-Union) and Fred Madden (D-Gloucester).
The sponsors said they acted because of a growing lag during the past two years in the time the department takes to decide appeals of denial of unemployment benefits. The Labor Department now takes 20 to 24 months to even hear an appeal, twice as long as in early 2011, and a decision can take as long as six months.
But department officials said they already have taken steps to reduce delays, at least at the upper level of the appeals process. The increased backlog followed a similar increase in the number of claims and appeals, swelled by the recession.
With New Jersey’s unemployment rate rising, the state continues to get about 10,000 new benefits claims a week. About 3,000 decisions a month result in appeals, according to department figures.
While some staff is being added, simply hiring more people to process the appeals will not necessarily eliminate the backlog quickly, because they require training, according to department officials.
That explanation did not carry much weight in the hearing room. Employment lawyer Alan Schorr said the state commonly explains delays by saying it’s “swamped” by the caseload.
“People who are suffering need answers, and they need them right away,” said state Sen. Richard Codey (D-Essex). Frederick Zavaglia, the department chief of staff, acknowledged that its board of appeals takes longer than the legislation envisions to process appeals. But in a month, the department’s higher-level review will be able to handle cases that make it that far within 45 days, he told the committee.
In the majority of cases, the result ultimately affirms the original decision that appellants were not entitled to benefits, according to department officials. Recently enacted rules denying benefits to people fired for misconduct have saved the state $133 million, Zaviglia told the committee.
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